Introducing the FFA Brackets

Updated by Geoffroy "Vomact" Piot


The Free-for-All Simple Stage was the first step towards complex FFA structures, and there are now two of them, that work pretty much the same:
FFA Single-Elimination Brackets FFA Bracket Groups


The FFA Brackets are brackets in which there are more than 2 participants in matches, and there can be several winners in each match. Winners from a match will get distributed into different matches if possible, to avoid always having the same participants in matches.

When creating one of these new stages, you will need to fill up quite a few values to determine the size of the stage, of its matches and how many participants will advance from a round to the next:

  • Size: As usual, the total number of participants to take part in this stage
  • Participants per match: The number of participants that will play in each single match
  • Winners per match: The number of participants that will qualify for the next match.
  • (Number of groups: In the case of a FFA Bracket Groups stage, you will also be asked how many groups you want to have, and participants will be evenly split between your groups)

Round Size

To start, it is important to note that the values you set are used to build the bracket starting from the final match, with the number of winners and the total size of the stage strictly respected, but the number of participants in a match may vary in the first round.

For Duel brackets, the size of the stage has to be a power of 2 (2, 4, 8, 16, 32 etc.) if you want your bracket to be even with standard rounds. The same logic applies to the FFA Brackets, with a twist, in that you may decide to qualify more than 1 participant per round. The formula is:

With the following:

  • Rs: Round size, or standard number of participants in a round
  • P: number of Participants in a match
  • W: number of Winners in a match
  • R: Round number, starting at 0 from the grand finals: 0 for the final, 1 for the semi-final, 2 for the quarter-final etc.

So for example, if we go with matches with 3 participants, and 1 winner per match, standard rounds will have: 3, 9, 27, 81 participants, as per the formula with various values of R:

Any different total size will create an uneven first round in the bracket, to fall back on one of the standard values.


You can also set a Threshold value under the Advanced tab of the structure configuration, to remove matches in case you want to truncate the structure and not play it until the finals.

Match Format

Just like the Simple FFA Stage, these new structures are tailored to work with Battle Royale, Racing, Brawlers games etc. and as such, are best paired with the Fixed Sets (Advanced) match format, that will let you configure your Free-for-All matches as you see fit, to have match rankings and players advancing depending on their ranks.

Edge Cases

We have seen how to calculate the standard round sizes for FFA brackets, and now, let's see what will happen if you do not use one of these. For example, let's say you use these values:

  • Participants per match: 3
  • Winners per match: 1

If you set a Stage Size that does not follow the round size formula, you will find yourself with a non-standard first round, with a simple rule that makes it so that a match only exists when it has (Winners + 1) participants or more (if a match has as many winners as there are participants in it, then the match is not played, and participants in it receive a Bye for the next round).
The size you set can be considered either above or below a standard value, following this logic:

The Break Point is calculated by factoring the number of matches that the round should contain and the minimum number of participants in a match, with the following formula:

Size is above a standard value

Example: size of 12 (which is more than the standard value 9).
In this case, just like what happens in Duel Brackets, a smaller first round will be created where only a few participants will play, to eliminate the supernumerary ones, and have a standard value of participants, to build the next round. You will have to place participants in two separate rounds (the blue dots):

Size is below a standard value

Example: size of 25 (which is less than the standard value 27).
In this case, the right amount of matches will get created in the first round to qualify the number of players needed in the Round 2, but some matches will have less participants than the set value. All participants are placed in the first round:

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